Metabolic syndrome is generally a cluster of conditions like increased blood pressure, excess body fat around the waist, high blood sugar, and triglyceride levels or abnormal cholesterol — that mostly occur together, stroke, increasing your risk of having the heart disease, and diabetes.
So just having one of these conditions does not mean that you have the metabolic syndrome. However, having any of these conditions may increase your risk of suffering from this serious disease. And having more than one of any of these might increase your risk even higher.
Mostly all the disorders associated with the metabolic syndrome have a few or no symptoms, although having a visible sign of large waist circumference. If you have a very high blood sugar, then you might have signs and symptoms of having diabetes — including increased thirst, fatigue, urination, and blurred vision
Metabolic syndromes are closely linked to obesity or overweight and inactivity. It is also linked to a condition known as insulin resistance. Normally, your digestive system works to break down the foods we eat into sugar (glucose). The hormone called Insulin is made by our pancreas that helps sugar break down and enter your cells to be used as fuel.
People having insulin resistance have cells that do no respond to insulin normally, and glucose cannot enter the cells as easily as in other people. As a result, the glucose levels in our blood rise despite our body try to control the glucose by churning out more and more of insulin.
It is said ever action is triggered by some factors or conditions so in the same way metabolic syndrome is also caused or triggered due to certain factors. The following factors that increase your chances of having a metabolic syndrome:
Age: The risk of metabolic syndrome also increases with age.
Race: In the United States and the Mexican-Americans appear to be at the greatest risk of having the metabolic syndrome.
Obesity: Having too much weight, especially lower in your abdomen, increases your risk to develop metabolic syndrome.
Diabetes: You are more likely to have the metabolic syndrome if you have ever had diabetes during pregnancy (known as gestational diabetes) or if you have a family history of having type2 diabetes.
Other diseases: Your risk to have metabolic syndrome is higher if you have ever had any non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, cardiovascular disease or polycystic ovary syndrome.
Unlike any other disease or problems metabolic syndrome may also have some complications attached to it which may then lead to or cause you to have other problems or disease. Having metabolic syndrome may increase your risk of developing the following:
Diabetes: If you do not make any haste lifestyle changes to control your increased weight that can lead to your insulin resistance, then your glucose levels will continue to increase higher. You may then develop diabetes.
Cardiovascular disease: High blood pressure and high cholesterol can contribute to the building up of the plaques in your arteries. These plaques can then narrow and harden your arteries, which may lead to a heart attack or a major stroke.
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