A Simple Explanation

A medical surgery performed to replace a damaged or diseased heart with a healthy donor heart.

What is it?

This is a surgical transplant procedure performed for patients with severe coronary heart disease or last stage heart failure when other medical or surgical treatments have failed.

The procedure involves taking a functioning heart, from a recently deceased organ donor and implanting it into the patient, i.e., removing and replacing the damaged heart with the donor’s healthy heart.

The life expectancy of the patient post the operation is on an average of 15 years. Heart transplant is not considered as a cure for heart failure but a life saving treatment and improve the recipient’s quality of life.

Why is it needed?

This procedure is performed to treat patients with:
  • Severe heart damage after a heart attack
  • Severe heart failure when no medications, other treatments or surgery can help
  • Severe birth defects of the heart that cannot be rectified by surgery
  • Abnormal heartbeats or rhythms which are life threatening and not responsive to other treatments.
  • Cardiomyopathy, in which the heart is abnormally large, thickened or stiffened.

Who needs it?

Patients who have advanced or end-stage heart failure, but are healthy otherwise, may be considered for heart transplant.

The patients who have a positive reply to the standard questions below have a chance to undergo heart transplant:

  • Have all therapies been tried? Is the problem still persisting?
  • Death is imminent without a transplant?
  • Is the patient in good health otherwise disregarding the heart disease?
  • Is it possible to adhere to the lifestyle that comes with the transplant, including complex drug treatments and frequent exams?
  • The patient doesn’t suffer from any other severe diseases, active infections and obesity?

The Procedure

Risks Involved

The risks involved can be from the risks from
  • Anesthesia:
    • Reaction to medicines
    • Breathing problems
  • Surgery:
    • Bleeding
    • Infection
  • Transplant:

  • Caused by the Anti-rejection medicines
  • Damage to the organs

  • Cancer
  • High cholesterol, diabetes and bone-thinning
  • Infections High risk Blood clots Heart attack or stroke Heart rhythm problems Lung and kidney failure Rejection of the donor heart

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    Billroth Hospitals,
    43, Lakshmi Talkies Road, Shenoy Nagar,



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