Stroke has been identified as one of the major causes of death in India. It occurs due to lack of supply of oxygen in the brain. It is a medical emergency which needs immediate medical attention or it can lead to permanent damage of the brain cells and result in death.

What is stroke?

A stroke is also called a brain attack. Stroke happens when blood flow to a certain area of the brain is interrupted or blocked. The brain cells get damaged due to lack of oxygen and glucose. It can result in permanent damage or even death. If treatment is provided immediately, further damage in the brain can be prevented.

Face drooping

Face drooping can be a clear indication of a stroke. It is also called Bell’s palsy. It is a paralysis or weakness of muscles on one side of the face. Face drooping happens due to damage of facial nerves that muscles of one side of the face. The damage of the nerve can affect the sense of taste or hear as well.

Facial drooping can occur for a handful of reasons other than stroke. Also, the signs and symptoms may vary with patients. There are different types of strokes and accordingly the symptoms may also differ. To recognize if facial drooping is related to stroke, you check the following symptoms:

  • In stroke, the facial drooping will be towards te lower part of the face. Rarely will it affect the forehead.
  • The upper part of the face like eye brows, eye lids etc will function as usual. 
  • The cheek muscles will turn weak and the lower eyelids may be pushed downwards.
  • The sensory ability can be affected. The patient may feel numbness in taste and hear. 
  • Drooling may occur. The weakness of muscles in the corner of the mouth may lead to drooling.
  • Some patients show up an involuntary smile that is spontaneous.In such situation voluntary smile will be very difficult.
  • Difficulty in eating and drinking
  • Confused about what to say
  • Unable to talk or blurred speech
  • Inability to understand what is being said  
  • Loss of consciousness can also occur
  • Numbness or weakness in one side of the body including hands, legs, fingers, arms, etc.  

Other signs of stroke

Knowing the symptoms of stroke can help you get medical help without delay and thereby save your life. The signs of stroke may show up suddenly. Symptoms of stroke include:

  • Trouble in walking
  • Blurred speech or difficulty in speech
  • Weakness or numbness of the arms
  • Trouble in sight of one eye
  • Inability to understand speech
  • Intense headache  

Seek medical attention
As mentioned earlier, once the patient shows the symptoms of stroke, the immediate goal is to get medical attention. It is a case of medical emergency and each minute counts. If proper treatment is given immediately, the chances of recovery from the problems of stroke will be higher.

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