Diabetes, often refer by doctors as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body cells do not respond properly to insulin or both. Patient with high blood sugar shall typically experience frequent urination; they will become increasingly thirsty and hungry.

Diabetes Causes,Symptoms and Treatment

Common symptom of diabetes

It is important to visit a doctor if there is any suspicion of diabetes or if any of the below signs and symptoms are present, then promptly get diagnosis and management help to lowers the likelihood of serious complications The most common signs and symptoms of diabetes are:

  • Frequent urinations
  • Disproportionate feel of thirst
  • Hunger with Intense
  • Gain in weight
  • Weight loss unusually
  • Feeling of fatigue
  • Irritation
  • Vision getting blurred
  • Cuts and bruises do not heal properly or quickly
  • More skin infection
  • Skin getting itchy
  • Gums are red and swollen
  • Frequent gum diseases and infection
  • Sexual dysfunction among the men
  • Numbness or tingling feeling, especially in our feet and hands

Three type of diabetes:

1) Type 1 diabetes:

The body does not produce insulin. Some people can refer to this type as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes, or early-onset diabetes. People usually develop the type 1 diabetes before their 40th year, generally in their early age of adulthood or teenage years. Patients with type 1 diabetes will need to take the insulin injections for the rest of their life. They must also ensure proper blood-glucose levels by carrying out the regular blood tests and following a special diet.

2) Type2 diabetes:

The defect body do not produce enough insulin for proper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin (insulin resistance).Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes occurring worldwide are type 2.Some people may be able to control their type 2 diabetes symptoms by losing some weight, following a healthy diet, doing plenty of exercises, and monitoring their blood glucose level. 

3) Gestational diabetes:

This type affects females during the pregnancy. Some women have very high levels of the glucose in their blood, and their bodies are unable to produce enough of insulin to transport all of the glucose into their cells, resulting in the progressively rising levels of glucose. Diagnosis of gestational diabetes is made during the pregnancy.


Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control the blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused due too little insulin, or resistance to insulin, or both

People with diabetes have the high blood sugar because their body unable to move sugar from the blood into muscle and fat cells to be burned or stored for the energy and because their liver makes too much glucose and releases it into the blood. This was because either:

Their pancreas does not make enough insulin

Their cells do not respond to insulin normally

Both above

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