In this situation, Coronary Angioplasty is performed on a patient and is discharged the same day.
Day care Coronary Angioplasty is the concept of performing the procedure and the discharge of the patient within 4-6 hours of the procedure on the same day, without the normal overnight stay for recovery.
This concept was followed because of the rise of coronary diseases amid limited centers performing angioplasties. This proved to be cost-effective and convenient for the patient. Even though, it has risen to be a fruitful effort, the patients who develop complications during or after the procedure are admitted in the hospital and discharged only after the patient has fully recovered.
Coronary Angioplasty, or Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty, is a therapeutic procedure performed to treat stenotic coronary arteries of the heart. These stenotic segments of the arteries are due to the plaque build up of cholesterol.
This procedure helps in opening up blocked arteries and restoring normal blood flow to the heart muscle.
The procedure usually takes around 1-3 hours. There might be a few complications that can occur, like:
The catheter will be inserted either through the groin area or the arm area. These areas will be cleaned and local anaesthesia is administered here. Then a thin, flexible tube called Catheter with a deflated balloon at its end is inserted through the artery either in the groin or wrist areas and then guided to the blocked part of the artery using X-Ray video.
Once the catheter is positioned at the blocked part of the blood vessel, the balloon is then inflated to widen the blood vessel slowly and then a stent is placed to hold up the walls.
Once the procedure is complete, the catheter will be removed. Pressure will be applied at the site of catheter insertion for around 30 minutes, to prevent bleeding.
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