What Causes A Heart Attack???

By AdminPosted On 10-Jul-2017

A heart attack is a condition which causes the damage to the heart muscles, due to the lack of oxygen-rich blood in the heart muscle. Heart attack is a life-threatening condition, if the blood isn't restored immediately, the section of the heart muscle begins to die.

What causes Heart attack?

Most commonly heart attack occurs due to coronary heart disease (CHD). CHD is a condition which affects the arteries that supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart, the condition causes plaque build-up inside the coronary arteries and results in atherosclerosis. These plaques which rupture the inside of the artery which may form clots, these clots become large enough and it may partially or completely block the flow of blood through the coronary artery.

The following are the other less common causes of Heart attack:

  • Heart Failure
  • Arrhythmias
  • Ventricular fibrillation
  • Spam of a coronary artery
  • Use of tobacco and illicit drugs
  • Tear in the heart artery

Risk Factors For Heart Attack

Certain factors which contribute atherosclerosis and results in the narrowing of the arteries throughout the body. The following are some of the risk factors of heart attack:

  • Obesity which is associated with high blood cholesterol
  • Stress
  • Family history of heart attack
  • High blood cholesterol or triglyceride levels
  • High blood pressure
  • Tobacco usage
  • Age: People above the age of 45 are likely to have heart attack, than people of younger ages.

Complications of Heart Attack

A heart attack may result in certain complications that damage the heart, which includes:

Heart Failure: A heart attack may result in damage to so much of heart tissue and the remaining of the heart muscle can't adequately pump blood out of the heart

Heart Rupture: Heart attack may result in the weakness of the areas of heart muscle and leaves a hole in the part of the heart.

Valve Problems: Heart attack may develop severe leakage problems by damaging the heart valves during the attack.

Billroth Hospital and Institute of Cardiology based in Chennai provides the world class treatment for cardiovascular diseases and heart attack at an affordable cost.

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