A stenotic or a narrowed valve is widened using a balloon catheter to allow for blood flow between the heart’s chambers.
In this procedure, the doctor inserts a narrow tube called catheter into a blood vessel and pushed through the blood vessel into the stiffened valve. Once the catheter reaches the site, a balloon attached to the end of the catheter is inflated until the valve’s flaps are pushed open. Once the blood starts flowing, the balloon is deflated and the catheter is removed.
The blood has to flow forward through all the chambers of the heart, for this there are valves between each of the heart’s chambers. The different valves are:
The Valvuloplasty is usually done for patients with a stiff heart valve, due to which there are chances of the heart valves being damaged or diseased.
The possible risks of this procedure are:
This is a minimally invasive therapeutic procedure, usually done by keeping the patient under Local Anesthesia. The common types of Balloon Valvuloplasty
The stenotic Aortic Valve is widened using a balloon attached to the catheter’s tip. Once the catheter is placed into the stiffened aortic valve, the balloon is inflated, increasing the opening size of the valve and improving the blood flow.
The catheter with the balloon is passed from the right femoral vein, up the inferior vena cava and into the right atrium. The Interatrial septum is punctured and the catheter is passed into the left atrium. The balloon has three sections, which are inflated one by one since complete inflation of the balloon can obstruct the valve and cause congestion.
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