An overview

Stroke occur suddenly causing damage to the brain cells and it is a medical emergency similar to heart attack. It is one of the major causes of death in India. Many times death can be prevented if proper medical attention is sought immediately at the onset of the symptoms. The more you know about the symptoms of stroke, you can bring down the consequences of it through proper treatment.

How does stroke occur?

Stroke happens when blood flow to a certain area of the brain is interrupted or blocked. The brain cells get damaged due to lack of oxygen and glucose. It can result in permanent damage or even death. Stroke is other ways called a brain attack. If treatment is provided immediately, further damage in the brain can be prevented.

Weakness in arms

A numbness or weakness in one of the arms can be clear symptom of stroke. The symptoms of stroke may vary with person. However, weakness in arms is experienced by a large percentage of patients when hit by stroke. The person feels a sudden weakness or numbness or paralysis in one side of the body including legs, arms, hands etc. If the stroke is severe, it can result in paralysis of one side of the body.

The affected limb will be the opposite of the where the stroke occurred in the brain. If stroke occurs in the left side of the brain, you will experience weakness in the right side and vice versa.

If you observe a weakness in one side of the body, try to extend both of the arms up for a few seconds. In case of stroke, you will feel difficulty in holding the hands up. One of the arms will drift downward indicating a weakness in the muscles.

Other signs of stroke

Knowing the symptoms of stroke can help you get medical help without delay and thereby save your life. The signs of stroke may show up suddenly. Symptoms of stroke include:

  • Trouble in walking
  • Face drooping  
  • Blurred speech or difficulty in speech
  • Difficulty is swallowing
  • Weakness or numbness of the arms
  • Trouble in the sight of one eye
  • Inability to understand speech
  • Intense headache   

Risk factors
There are certain factors that increase the risk of getting stroke. You need to be more careful if you have:

  • Age above 55 years
  • Family history of stroke 
  • History of heart attack
  • Obesity
  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Unhealthy lifestyle 
  • High consumption of alcohol
  • Smoking and passive smoking
  • Usage of certain drugs
  • Physical inactivity  
  • Sleep apnea
  • Cardiovascular disease 

Get medical support fast
Stroke is a medical emergency and the patient should be taken to hospital without any delay. If proper treatment is given immediately, the complications can be solved. Ignoring the signs of a stroke can lead to permanent damage of the brain cells, and can lead to death.

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